Translation types, Is there any difference?

Translation types, Is there any difference?

Translation types, Is there any difference?

Translation types. What is translation and what is interpreting? Is there any difference?

 

Firstly, in order to figure out if there’s a difference between these two phenomena the definition of both concepts must be presented. Translation is the communication of meaning from one language (the source) to another language (the target). The purpose of translation is to convey the original tone and intent of a message, taking into account cultural and regional differences between the source and target languages.

 

What is interpreting?

Interpreting is the facilitation of spoken or signed language communication between users of different languages.
In the language industry, there are three primary modes of interpreting: consecutive, simultaneous and sight translation. Simultaneous interpreting – the interpreter listens and renders the message in the target language at the same time as the speaker is speaking. In consecutive interpreting, the interpreter speaks after the source-language speaker has stopped speaking. Sight translation is the oral rendition of a written text.

 

In all cases, the interpreter must quickly and carefully convey the meaning, tone, and intent of the original message into the target language. Interpretation may involve either direct face-to-face communication or remote communication. So, remote interpreting requires technological platforms to facilitation telephonic and video multilingual communication.

 

Interpreting requires excellent language proficiency, the ability to quickly analyze and transfer messages between languages, and adherence to professional ethics and standards of practice. The difference between these two lies in the idea that interpreting turns into kind of interpretation, giving a slight change of meaning due to the level of professionalism, emotional shading. And the context while translation is distinguished by its accuracy and consistency.

 

Due to different spheres of application, there are several common translation types.

 

Common translation types

1. Technical Translation

There are two perspectives on understanding this type of translation. In its broadest sense, it is about translating user manuals, instructions leaflets, internal notes, medical translation, financial reports, minutes of proceedings, administrative terms in general, and so forth. These documents share the distinction of being for a specific and limited target audience and usually have a limited shelf-life. And in its narrower sense, technical translation refers to “technical” documentation such as engineering, IT, electronics, mechanics, and industrial texts in general. Technical translation requires the knowledge of the specialized terminology used in the sector originating the text.

 

2. Scientific Translation

This type of translation is considered to be a sub-group of technical translation but the scientific translation has toward documents in the domain of science: articles, theses, papers, Congress booklets, presentations, study reports etc.

 

3. Financial Translation

Financial or economic translation types has to do with documentation relating to the of financial, banking, and stock exchange activity. Company annual reports, financial statements, financial contracts, financing packages are included into this specialization.

 

4. Legal Translation

Legal translation comprises a broad spectrum of documents. These may include legal documents such as summons and warrants; administrative texts such as registration certificates; corporate statutes and remittance drafts, technical documents such as expert opinions and texts for judicial purposes; and a number of other texts in addition to reports and minutes of court proceedings. A translation service is responsible for both understanding politico-legal and socio-cultural context behind a legal text and translating it in such a way that a target audience with a different cultural/political/societal background could readily understand.

 

5. Judicial Translation

Many people confuse this type of translation with other translation types, for example, legal or certified translation. Also note that the judicial transfer is directly related to the judicial process, that is, carried out in court.  This type of translation involves the transformation of documents such as rogatory letters, minutes of proceedings, judgments, expert opinions, deposition, minutes of interrogation sessions is performed within this type.

 

6. Juridical Translation

Juridical translation alludes to legally-binding documentation. For example, this could be the translation of documents such as laws; regulations and decrees; general sales and purchase conditions; legally binding contracts such as labor; license and commercial contracts; partnership agreements, accords; protocols and conventions; internal regulations; insurance policies; and bail assurance, among others.

 

7. Certified Translation

A certified translator may use their signature to authenticate official translations. These are usually documents which require legal validation and are thus referred to as “certified”.

 

8. Literary Translation

The goal pursued in this type of translation is to render the semantic content of the original text. The literary translation goes beyond mere translation of context; a literary translator must be proficient in translating humor, cultural nuances, feelings, emotions, and other subtle elements of a given work.

 

9. Commercial Translation

A commercial translation or business translation is specialized in rendering business’s reports, tender documents, company accounts, and correspondence.

 

10. Administrative Translation

In the context of translation, this type merely refers to translating managerial texts used in different corporations, businesses, and organizations. This translation type also coincides with commercial translation. But only in the sense that many consider administrative translation as commercial. However, we note that not all commercial translation is administrative in nature.

 

What makes a good translation?

There is a certain stereotype in people’s thinking about people speaking several languages. Many people assume that any bilingual person can do a good translation. Therefore, often a very complicated, well-written document ends up in the hands of someone with absolutely no translation experience.

 

Translation is an art. It is an intricate and often subjective process that goes far beyond a simplistic word-for-word exchange. A good translation needs to carry the meaning and the tone of the original text, while still remaining culturally sensitive and appropriate to the target audience.

 

There several criteria in order to characterize a translation as a good one. The first criterion is rather obvious — it has to be accurate. Clarity is another important factor. Moreover, a translation has to be easily comprehensible and well written. Next, a translation needs to be culturally appropriate for the target audience. A good translation is mirroring the mood of the author so it is important to save the style after rendering languages. Lastly, the interpreter needs to take into account the audience. Because the translated text must be oriented on the target audience.

 

This article is originally posted on our global translation blog Agato Legal Translation blog, we try to share with our audience in New Zealand every piece of knowledge that we believe it’s useful and informative. Happy reading!


Recent Articles about Translation  

World’s Most Translated Books
World’s Most Translated Books
Last Updated on August 12, 2019

The peoples of the world use many languages to communicate. A language is defined as a complex system of communication which could be different to a dialect. A dialect would not be a language but a language would definitely include a language. A language could also be defined as a complex system of development, acquisition, maintenance and the use of all of them in effectively communicating with another.

(more…)
Give Customers a Personalized Experience with Business Translation
Give Customers a Personalized Experience with Business Translation
Last Updated on July 29, 2019

Any business able to offer a personalized service to their potential customers would surely stand out from the rest who would have just one spoon to serve all. A personalized customer service would not be lost on those who would contemplate of engaging with you and that would create the appropriate environment for them to sway their decision.

(more…)
How to Translate a Legal Document
How to Translate a Legal Document
Last Updated on July 15, 2019

At some given point in time, you will come across the need to get legal documents translated. It can be a simple document, such as an overseas traffic ticket, or a complicated legal document such as a divorce packet when you file for dual citizenship. No matter for what reason you get the legal document translated, you should have a clear understanding on how to get the job done correctly. Then you will be able to overcome a variety of frustrating consequences that you will come across in the future.

(more…)
What is Machine Translation?
What is Machine Translation?
Last Updated on July 1, 2019

The basics of machine translation

Out of the different translation methods available out there in the world, machine translation can be considered as the quickest approach. That’s because machine translation is fully automated. During the machine translation process, a computer software is being used in order to get a piece of content translated from one language to another.

(more…)
What is Hybrid Translation?
What is Hybrid Translation?
Last Updated on June 17, 2019

A variety of translation methods are being used by translators who live out there in the world. Out of those translation methods, hybrid machine translation has received a lot of attention in the recent past. Therefore, it is worth to take a look at what hybrid machine translation is and what it can offer.

(more…)
What is Translation Memory?
What is Translation Memory?
Last Updated on June 3, 2019

Translation memory can be considered as a feature which is available in computer-based translation systems. It is providing an excellent assistance to the translation process. In fact, the translation memory provides an ability for the translator to go ahead and re-use any of the textual segments, which were translated before.

(more…)
The Top Languages to Translate Your Website Into
The Top Languages to Translate Your Website Into
Last Updated on May 6, 2019

Through experience we know that when we approach a man or woman in the street and ask them directions in their native language they tend to reciprocate positively and immediately. This is true wherever in the world you may be. The moment they hear the first few familiar words emanating from you they would drop their otherwise inherent guard and listen to you.

(more…)

Get The Best Translation Price